is a ring of metal, soldered to a base, that surrounds a stone and holds it in place.
stone with a convex surface and a flat base
is pouring molten metal into a mold and letting it harden.
is a method of engraving silver or other metals with an awl or other pointed instrument applied to the surface by hand, as opposed to punched or struck with a hammer.
is silver melted from hard currency -- 90% silver and 10% copper.
is named after the Spanish word meaning “shell” are round or oval silver disks, which may be stamped with decorative patterns or set with stones. Single conchos are often used for belt buckles or bolo ties. First Phase concho belts are characterized by a diamond slot cut out in the middle of each concho, through which a leather belt was threaded.
was introduced into the Southwest by the Spanish, but was not used until approximately 1938, when traders imported it to Zuni Pueblo. Most comes from the Mediterranean seas, varying in color from white to blood red. It is calcareous skeletons amassed in a wide variety of shapes often forming reefs.
is constructing a unique object cutting, shaping, hammering, soldering, texturing and stamping.
is an object, sometimes but not always of stone with zoomorphic properties believed to be the place where spirits dwell. The fetish can be natural or deliberately shaped or carved. Stone fetishes are used in the Kivas of various Pueblos of the Southwest, and replicas or adaptations of them are used in necklaces carved of turquoise or other materials and sold as jewwelry. The Zuni people are particularly well known for carved fetish jewelry.
is usually walrus task and may have a slightly golden tint.
is also called hand-hammered.
are disk shapes of shell or stone, often strung to form necklaces.
is cast into a bar to be worked.
is setting a decorative pattern of stones into silver.
is a petrified wood from Mexico, deep mahogany in color.
is a hard, black and shiny form of fossil lignite used for jewelry making, developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Jet was used for beads, fetishes and for inlay.
is a leather strap worn at the wrist to protect the skin from the snap of a bowstring. One of the earliest utilitarian objects to be decorated with silver and then silver and turquoise, also referred to as a bow guard.
is a deep blue semi-previous gemstone of lazurite.
is a method of casting metal by making a wax model, coating it with clay to form a mold, and leaving small holes for the wax to escape when heated. Molten metal is poured into the mold, filling the space left by the "last wax" also called cire perdu.
is a variegated green mineral carbonate of copper.
Mother of Pearl
is the parly internal layer of certain mollusk shells.
is the Navajo word for the crescent-shaped ornament suspended from squash blossom necklaces and horse bridles.
has not been added to or adjusted, apart from its shape. Stabilized turquoise has been chemically hardened with liquid resin or plastic.
involves soldering one piece of silver to another piece of silver.
is wood from early geological ages which has been turned to stone (a form of agate) from the action of mineral-permeated waters.
is creating a design in relief by hammering or doming out, the shape from the reverse side.
is a semi-precious stone, native to the Southwest. A streaked dark green with a somewhat oily luster.
comes in different thicknesses (gauges).
is an orange-colored shell (Spondylus).
Squash blossom necklace
is a necklace of silver beads interspersed with pomegranate-shaped silver pendants; from the bottom hangs a naja, or crescent-shaped pendant. One of the earliest styles of necklaces made by the Navajo, it originated in the 1880’s and has sustained its popularity over the years. Many artists set the naja and other pendants with turquoise or other stones.
is a method of tightly wrapping cotton around the loose ends of a beaded necklace.
is a process of decorating silver with punches or stamps. These stamps impress their design into a piece of metal once a hammer is applied to the flat end of the stamp with some force.
consists of 92.5% silver and 7.5% copper.
is a purple stone from the Kalahari Desert of South Africa, ranging from pale lavender to deep purple.
is to bend or shape by using a swage, which is a tool for shaping cold metal.
has been altered to change the stone's color.
is casting into a porous rock made of volcanic ash.
is a hydrous basic phosphate of copper and aluminum, ranging in color from sky blue to very pale green. Various mines yield characteristic colors and matrices.
is a soft green gemstone sometimes resembling turquoise.