(1914-1994) Allan Houser represented the dominant force in Native American sculpture during the 20th century. Originally a student under Dorothy Dunn’s tutelage at the Santa Fe Indian School, he was primarily concerned with painting. During the 1940’s he chose to investigate his feel for making sculpture. Recipient of the Guggenheim Fellowship in 1948 for both painting and for sculpture, his versatility was acknowledged.
In 1976 Houser retired from his career as an influential instructor, in order to devote the majority of his time to producing works of art in his studio outside Santa Fe, New Mexico. Allan Houser (Ha-o-zous) is an in-depth volume published in 1987 by Arizona art critic and journalist Barbara Perlman. More recently (2004) Abrams published Allan Houser An American Master (Chiricahua Apache, 1914-1994) by W. Jackson Rushing III.
This artist was the Robert Henri of Native American sculpture. He influenced the two generations of Native American sculptors who followed him. He was the dean of Native American sculpture. The demand is so substantial that discounting is rare when it comes to this artist. The new Museum of the American Indian opened in Washington, D.C. in 2004 honoring the work of two monumentally important sculptor/painters: Allan Houser and George Morrison.